Following the end of the Japanese occupation of Korea after World War II, numerous martial artists began teaching what they learned and studied. Between 1944 and 1956, nine individual schools (kwans) teaching what was essentially Japanese Karate sprung up.
What's important to note is that none of these kwans tried to hide the fact they were teaching Karate. The very names that they called their arts were simply Korean translations of the same Kanji used in Japan and Okinawa. Every single kwan referred to their art as either:
- Tang Soo Do 唐手道 (Tode in Japanese) "Way of the Chinese Hand"
- Kong Soo Do 空手道 (Karatedo in Japanese) "Way of the Empty Hand"
- Kwon Bup 拳法 (Kenpo in Japanese) "Law of the Fist"
So what happened? When did the identity crisis of these kwans begin and when did the name Taekwondo first enter the picture? Is it wrong to still refer to these kwans by their previous style?